background: Cambodia

It is assumed that the reader is aware of Cambodia’s recent significant history.  Cambodia has a monsoon climate with two main seasons, rainy season with heavy rainfall from May to November and dry season with little or no rainfall, December to April. The most difficult period for rural areas is March/April when temperature is high but rainfall is low or not existent.


background: problem overview

Cambodia is a rural country, with around 80% of the population involved in agriculture. Most people in Cambodia survive on an income of $1 or less a day, with average annual family income being $250. People supplement their income and livelihoods by scavenging or occasional labor. Cambodia suffers from annual flood-drought cycles that cause associated health, social, educational, and financial problems. Most people live without latrines running water, electricity or sanitation facilities. During the rainy season health problems are caused due to sanitation problems and waterborne diseases, such as pneumonia, bronchitis, dengue fever, malaria, vomiting and diarrhea, dysentery, worms and flukes etc… Which them leads to associated conditions and syndromes such as anemia, hepatitis, poor child development, children not thriving, TB etc… During the dry season people are unable to grow vegetables and crops and generate enough income because of a lack of water. So individuals are forced to find others sources of income outside the village or away from their own land. This causes their own land to be run down and less productive. Such poverty and stress it results in family breakdowns stress and other side effects of seasonal migratory behavior.